Osteosarcoma is one of the types of bone cancer, and it begins in the cells of bones; this cancer is more often seen in long bones, often in the legs of the body. Sometimes, osteosarcoma cancer will start in the arms, but it begins in the bones in rare cases, starts in the arms. Osteosarcoma cancer occurs in soft tissue outside the bones of the body. This cancer mainly occurs in teenagers and adults and also appears in younger chider and older adults. It affects more places, including the femur near your knee, tibia near the knee, humerus near the shoulder, pelvis, skull, jaw, and rarely chest. You can detect cancer by its symptoms of it.
What are the types of osteosarcoma cancer?
The osteosarcoma tumors are categorized into low grade, middle intermediate gate, and higher grade. The low-grade stage means that your cancer will increase slowly and begin where it begins, and the intermediate stage means cancer will increase to the next stage. Finally, a higher stage means osteosarcoma cancer will spread to other body parts of your body and metastasize.
This higher stage of osteosarcoma cancer tumors occurs in teenagers and children. There are more than nine types of high-grade osteosarcomas:
- Small cell.
- High-grade surface (Juxtacortical high grade).
- Extra skeletal.
- Post radiation.
- Periosteal ( immediate grade osteosarcoma)
- Parosteal (juxtacortical lower grade )
- Intraosseous well-differentiated (low-grade central).
What are the common osteosarcoma symptoms?
The most common signs or osteosarcoma symptoms are following:
- Broken bone.
- Unexplained fewer.
- Limited movements.
- Heavy bone pains.
- Swelling near the bones.
- Joint pains.
- Bone injuries.
- Pain increases while doing lifting weights.
- A mass tumor will form that is warm.
What are the primary causes or risk factors of osteosarcoma?
We can’t say the exact reason to cause osteosarcoma cancer. The changes in cells of DNA and uncontrolled cell growth in bones cause osteosarcoma and spread to other body parts. But, some of the risk factors that cause osteosarcoma cancer are:
- Bone infarction: Due to lack of blood supply to your bone, this bone infarction happens, destroying the cells in tissues.
- Radiation exposure: Before radiation therapy treatment, it may have leads to cause osteosarcoma cancer.
- Genetic factors: osteosarcoma cancer is sporadic cancer that affects younger people. This will be related to the retinoblastoma gene, which can be associated with eye cancers in children and other tumors in children leading to cause osteosarcoma cancer.
- Rapid bone growth: During child and adolescent development, spurts are a risk factor to cause osteosarcoma cancer.
What will be the treatment options for osteosarcoma cancer?
Osteosarcoma treatment depends upon various factors like patient age, health condition, stage, and place of the tumor. At the time of osteosarcoma, diagnosis doctor will conduct several tests, including blood tests, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), bone scan, PET scan and biopsy, PET CT, bone scan, etc. treatment depends upon the results of these tests, and your doctor will decide a treatment plan for osteosarcoma cancer. The main standard treatment options for osteosarcoma cancer are
- Chemotherapy: High-effective Drugs are used to kill cancer cells floating on the blood in the tissues, and this treatment will do before the surgery to shrink the tumors to destroy cancer cells. Before surgery, this chemotherapy process is called neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and it takes nearly 10 weeks to perform. The process of chemotherapy after surgery is called adjuvant chemotherapy.
- Radiation therapy: In sporadic cases, radiation therapy is used to treat osteosarcoma cancer where surgery is impossible. Radiation therapy has 2 types are internal radiation therapy and external radiation therapy. A machine that destroys the cancer cells in bones is used in external and internal radiation therapy, where the substance is injected through the needle is used to kill cancer cells.
- Targeted therapy: In this treatment, drugs target some proteins to block that are important to cancer cells.
- Cryosurgery: In this treatment, liquid nitrogen is used to destroy the cancer cells in the bones.
- Amputation is the surgical removal of limbs and an infrequent treatment for osteosarcoma bone cancer.
- Surgery: This treatment completely removes the mass tumor from the tissues.
These are the foremost common treatments used to treat osteosarcoma, but these all treatments cause’ side effects and have high chances of cancer recurrence. But, Punarjan Ayurveda hospitals provide natural treatment with very natural herbs and a proper healthy diet without causing any side effects.
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