Bone cancer is a type of cancer that originates in bone tissue. It occurs when abnormal cells grow and divide uncontrollably, forming a mass or tumor in the bone. Bone cancer signs & symptoms may vary depending on the type, location, and stage of the cancer.
Here are some common signs and symptoms:
- Pain: Bone cancer can cause persistent, dull, or intense pain in the affected bone that can be aggravated by activity and worsen at night.
- Swelling: Bone cancer may cause swelling and tenderness in the affected area, which may feel warm to the touch.
- Fractures: Bone cancer can weaken the affected bone, leading to fractures or breaks.
- Fatigue: Bone cancer may cause fatigue or weakness due to the cancer’s effect on the body.
- Weight loss: Unintended weight loss may occur due to the body’s increased metabolic rate as it tries to fight the cancer.
- Fever: In some cases, bone cancer can cause fever, especially if it has spread to other parts of the body.
- Anemia: Bone cancer may cause anemia, which is a shortage of red blood cells that can cause fatigue, weakness, and shortness of breath.
Diagnosis of Bone Cancer
- Medical history and physical examination: The doctor will first take a detailed medical history and perform a physical examination to look for signs and symptoms of bone cancer.
- Imaging tests: Imaging tests such as X-rays, CT scans, MRI scans, and bone scans can help detect abnormalities in the bones.
- Biopsy: A biopsy involves the removal of a small sample of the affected bone tissue for examination under a microscope to confirm the diagnosis of bone cancer.
- Blood tests: Blood tests can help evaluate the overall health of the patient and look for any abnormalities that may indicate bone cancer.
- Genetic testing: Genetic testing may be performed to identify any genetic mutations that may increase the risk of bone cancer.
- Staging: Once bone cancer is diagnosed, staging tests such as PET scans and bone marrow biopsy may be performed to determine the extent and spread of the cancer.
- Multidisciplinary evaluation: The diagnosis of bone cancer often involves a team of healthcare professionals, including oncologists, radiologists, and pathologists, who work together to develop an effective treatment plan.
Causes of Bone Cancer
- Primary bone cancer: Most cases of bone cancer are primary bone cancers, which means that the cancer originates in the bone tissue.
- Secondary bone cancer: Secondary bone cancer, also called metastatic bone cancer, occurs when cancer cells from another part of the body spread to the bone.
- Age: Although Bone cancer can occur at any age it is more common in children and young adults
- Gender: The incidence of bone cancer is slightly higher in males than in females.
- Radiation exposure: Exposure to high levels of radiation can increase the risk of developing bone cancer.
- Genetic factors: Certain genetic conditions, such as Li-Fraumeni syndrome and hereditary retinoblastoma, can increase the risk of bone cancer.
- Paget’s disease: Paget’s disease of bone is a condition that can increase the risk of bone cancer.
- Bone marrow transplantation: Patients who have received a bone marrow transplant may be at increased risk of developing bone cancer.
It is important to note that in many cases, the exact cause of bone cancer is unknown.
Prevention of Bone Cancer
Though there is no perfect way to prevent bone cancer, some lifestyle choices and medical measures may help reduce the risk of developing it.
- Practice sun safety to prevent skin cancer, which can spread to the bones.
- Avoid exposure to ionizing radiation, such as X-rays and CT scans, whenever possible.
- Be physically active and maintain a healthy weight to reduce the risk of developing certain types of cancer, including bone cancer.
- Avoid tobacco products and limit alcohol consumption.
- Be aware of any family history of bone cancer or other cancers and discuss with your doctor.
- Treat underlying conditions that may increase the risk of bone cancer, such as Paget’s disease or other bone disorders.
- Follow a balanced diet that includes plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, which may help reduce the risk of certain cancers.
- If there is a genetic predisposition to bone cancer, it is vital to discuss with the doctor about the options for cancer screening or prophylactic measures.
It is important to note that bone cancer is relatively rare, and there are no guaranteed methods to prevent its occurrence.
If you have any of these cancer symptoms, take Ayurveda treatment, and it will help reduce the cause of the disease and help you come out of liver cancer. For this, consider the Best cancer hospital in Hyderabad Punarjan Ayurveda.
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This information on this article is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. All content in this site contained through this Web site is for general information purposes only.
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