How do educational campaigns influence cancer welfare?

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How do educational campaigns influence cancer welfare?

QuestionsCategory: cancerHow do educational campaigns influence cancer welfare?
Sajan asked 8 months ago
How do educational campaigns influence cancer welfare?
Dr. Bommu Venkateshwara Reddy Staff replied 7 months ago

Life-style is now identified as a main determinant of cancer risk. Public training is a significant part of disease control programs and has been demonstrated to be viable in prompting way of life changes.

Four types of education programmes are reviewed and are composed of for increasing the public’s awareness of cancer, for changing specific risk behaviour (such as stopping smoking), for learning self-examination skills and for promoting early detection of cancer in the community.

Cancer awareness and public information programmes
The efforts of cancer societies, government bodies and the media are directed towards alerting the public about the known cancer risks. However, as people’s reactions to such information depend on their beliefs and attitudes to cancer, this aspect will be examined
Schools can promote learning about cancer as a disease and as a life experience.

Changing risk behaviour: The example of stopping smoking
The single most important risk behaviour leading to cancer is tobacco (nicotine) consumption and WHO has given a high priority to programmes discouraging smoking, betel quid chewing and other tobacco habits

Early anti smoking programs zeroed in on the smoker, despite the fact that from a general wellbeing viewpoint the most reasonable system for controlling cigarette smoking is to keep individuals from beginning to smoke.

Early cancer detection: learning self-examination skills
Persons at risk can participate actively in cancer detection through learning a particular skill, e.g., self-examination of the breasts (BSE), the oral cavity and the face for early cancers and use of the occult blood test by older persons to detect colo-rectal cancer.

Early cancer detection in groups at risk
Early cancer detection will not influence cancer incidence but may reduce cancer mortality. For various cancers (cervical, oral and colo-rectal, for example) early detection methods are available for groups at risk, some of which can be reliably applied on a community-wide basis.

It is commonly accepted that cancer campaigns have been successful in increasing the awareness of the public about cancer and probably accounts for participation in cancer prevention.

Education is an effective tool for modifying lifestyles and thereby reducing cancer risks. However, an effective education programme requires considerable planning, pretesting, and variation in strategy depending on the specific cultural and social situation and whether one wishes to influence knowledge and beliefs or to teach skills and healthy life-style habits.

Since human behaviour is increasingly recognized as a major determinant of health, the role of public education and the conduct of effective education programmes take on greater importance for ensuring the health of the population.

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