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Bladder Cancer: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Stages, Treatment and more

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Bladder Cancer: Types, Symptoms, Causes, Stages, Treatment and more

bladder cancer
What is Bladder Cancer?

Bladder cancer is the most common type of cancer that occurs in the tissues of the bladder cells. Bladder cancer is an abnormal growth of cells in the urinary bladder. The bladder is the bean-shaped organ in the lower part of the abdomen; it is shaped like a small bag and has a muscular wall that stores urine until it passes out of the body. Bladder Cancer has the capacity to spread to other parts of the body, i.e., lungs, bones, and liver.

 

What are types of Bladder cancer?

There are different types of Bladder cells that can become cancerous. The type of bladder cell where cancer cells begin determines which type of bladder cancer it is.

(1) Urothelial carcinoma or Transitional Cancer Carcinoma

Urothelial carcinoma or previously known as Transitional cancer, is the most common type of cancer. It starts occurring in the inner part of the Bladder. A transitional cell changes the shape without damaging the tissues when it is stretched. Urothelial carcinoma starts to expand when the bladder is full, and it becomes a contract when your bladder is empty. The cells line inside the ureters and urethra, and cancer starts forming in those places.

This type of cancer has two subtypes:

Sub-type of urothelial carcinoma:

 (i) Non-Invasive urothelial tumors: These tumors are bounded to the bladder only.

(ii) Invasive urothelial tumors: Cancer may spread from the urothelium to the bladder’s deeper layers.

  (iii) Papillary urothelial tumors: Starts growing finger-like Projections into the bladder blood cells.

(2) Squamous cell carcinoma: – Squamous Cancer begins in thin squamous cells, flat cells that may form in the bladder after long-term infection or irritation.

There are different types of Bladder cells that can become cancerous. The type of bladder cell where cancer cells begin determines which type of bladder cancer it is.

 (3) Adenocarcinoma: – Cancer which originates in the glandular cells, is in the lining of the bladder, produces, and releases fluids such as mucus.

(4) Bladder Cancer confined to the lining of the bladder is called superficial bladder cancer. Bladder Cancer that begins in the transitional cells may spread through the bladder’s lining and invade the bladder’s muscle wall or spread to nearby organs and lymph nodes. That is called invasive bladder cancer.

 

What are the symptoms of Bladder Cancer?

Bladder cancer’s common type of symptom is you can have blood in the urine but do not feel pain during urinating. Many types of symptoms might indicate bladder cancer, life weight loss, bone-related problems, and fatigue. Most of the common bleeding is” gross,” which is visible to the naked eye also and occurs in episodes and does not pain; it is known as painless hematuria, but sometimes the bleeding may be visible under a microscope, and it pains due to the blockage of the urine during the formation in the blood clots.

This type of symptom commonly starts in patients with high-grade, flat urothelial cancer called “Carcinoma in Situ” or CIS. It is described sequentially in the section on the staging of Bladder Cancer.

 

Symptoms of Bladder Cancer:

•    Blood in urine

•    Painful Urination

•    Frequent urination

•    Urgent Urination

•    Urinary incontinence

•    Pin the abdominal area

•    Pain in the lower back

 

What causes Bladder cancer?

Bladder Cancer or carcinoma cells start developing, and changes occur in the DNA. DNA instructs the cells what to do and what not to do. The changes which happened instruct the cells to calculate rapidly and to move on living when the healthy cells would die. But still, the exact cause of Bladder cancer is untold. It starts occurring when the abnormal cells grow and calculate quickly, and it is uncontrollable and affects the other tissues.

 

What is the risk factor of Bladder Cancer?

Some of the risk factors of Bladder Cancer are:

•    Inhaling more cigarettes can cause the risk factor of bladder cancer

•    Chronic bladder infections.

•    Consuming low fluid.

•    Being male

•    Exposure to cancer-causing chemicals.

•    Intake of a high-fat diet can cause risk factors.

•    Can see the majority of bladder cancer in people who are over the age of 55.

•    Personal or family history of cancer.

 

Treatment of Bladder Cancer at different stages:

 

Treatment for stage 0 and stage 1

In this stage, 0 and stage 1 of bladder Cancer might need surgery to remove the tumor from the bladder, immunotherapy, or chemotherapy, which requires taking medication that causes your immune system to kill the cancer cells.

 

Treatment for stage 2 and stage 3

In this stage of bladder cancer, we need to remove a part of the bladder in accretion to chemotherapy. We can do chemotherapy, immunotherapy, or radiation to decrease the tumor before the surgery to treat cancer when surgery is not an option to kill the remaining cancer cells from recurring. The removal of the whole bladder is known as radical cystectomy, which comes after the surgery to create a new way for the urine to pass from the body.

 

Treatment for stage 4 bladder cancer

In the 4th stage of Bladder Cancer, chemotherapy, radiation, and immunotherapy without surgery ease symptoms and extension of life; in radical cystectomy removing lymph nodes followed by surgery to make a new way for urine to exit from the body.

 

What is the survival period/rate of Bladder Cancer?

•    The general  Five-year survival rates depend on many factors, including the types and stages of bladder cancer 5 years of survival rate of bladder cancer in people which will not spread in the inner layer of the bladder wall. Half of the people are diagnosed with this stage of Bladder Cancer.

•    People suffering from stage 0 Bladder Cancer is around 98% with a five-year survival period.

•    People suffering from Stage 1 Bladder Cancer are around 88% with five years survival period.

•    People suffering from stage 2 Bladder Cancer are around 63% with five years survival period.

•    People suffering from stage 3 Bladder cancer are around 46% with a five year survival period.

•    People suffering from stage 4 Bladder Cancer are around 15% with a five years survival period.

 

How can we prevent Bladder Cancer?

Prevention of Bladder Cancer is:

•    Avoid smoking

•    Stop secondhand cigarette smoke

•    Avoid other carcinogenic chemicals

•    Drink more water

•    Eat lots of vegetables and fruits

 

What are the facts about Bladder Cancer?

•    The bladder is the bean-shaped organ in the lower part of the abdomen; it is shaped like a small bag and has a muscular wall that stores urine until it passes out of the body.

•    Bladder Cancer is the most common type of cancer, and the symptoms of Bladder Cancer are bleeding in the urine, known as hematuria.

•    Smoking is the major risk factor of Bladder cancer, the risk factor increasing by 3 to 4 times more likely to get the disease.

•    There are two types of sub-divisions of Bladder Cancer known as non- Invasive or superficial and Invasion.

•    Treatment for Bladder cancer is known as Transurethral Resection of the Bladder Tumor (TURBT); it removes the tumor from the Bladder through Urethra and provides instructions for both stages and grades of the tumor.

•    Bladder cancer is staged and classified to the extent of the spread of cancer and how abnormal cells appear below the microscope to determine the treatment for patients.

•    T1 Tumor has a high risk of recurrence and progression and might need additional treatment in the form of chemotherapy or BCG instillation in the bladder.

•    Radical Cystectomy is a bladder removal option for patients who are not responding to other treatments.

 

Living and Managing with Bladder Cancer:

Providentially, there are many strategies and resources available for patients to help their loved ones survive with bladder cancer while remaining as physically and emotionally healthy as possible.

Bladder cancer patients experience tiredness during the first year of the recovery; it can improve over time. Try to be active during the daytime and energetic; regular sleep is more important; allow others to help you with your work, enjoy activities like reading books or watching a comedy movie or short video.

It relies upon the rate of tumor spread; if the reach is 70 percent at a continued speed and not yet spread beyond the bladder, the 5-year survival rate. But if the tumor spreads to the surrounding areas of the bladder, lymph nodes, or other organs, the person may die. The survival rate for five years is 35 percent in such a situation. But you’re not concerned at all about it.

 

Remission and Recurrence of Bladder Cancer:

Low-grade Bladder Cancer frequently recurs, and recurrence treatment is required with the follow-up procedure known as transurethral resection (removal of a tumor from the bladder); in some cases, people are suffering from Bladder cancer experience multiple recurrences, and as a result, they undergo repeated surgeries.

 

FAQs  of Bladder Cancer

 

1.    How long does it take to die from bladder cancer?

People surviving for 5- years of cancer rate will be suffering for 5 years. For Bladder cancer, if cancer has spread to the lymph node has a 5-year survival rate with 36.3 % chances. If cancer has spread to a more distant site the survival period is 4.6%.

 

2.    Does bladder cancer spread quickly?

Bladder cancer patients who are suffering from High-grade cancer are likely to spread more quickly and it becomes life-threatening for them. High Cancer repeatedly needs to be treated with chemotherapy surgery or radiation therapy. Low-grade cancer has less chance of becoming high grade when the proper treatment is taken.

 

3. How many times can bladder cancer return?

70% of patients are being diagnosed with a high risk of bladder cancer which will recur, progress, or die within the 10years of their diagnosis.

 

4. Can bladder cancer go into remission?

Nearly 70% of Bladder cancer patients undergo remission after the BCG therapy. The standard treatment for patients with bladder cancer that occur in muscle tissue includes Cisplatin-based chemotherapy that is followed by the surgical removal of the bladder tumor.

 

5. How many rounds of chemo do you need for bladder cancer?

People who are at intermediate risk should complete the course of at least 6 doses of chemotherapy. Using catheter liquid is directly placed into the bladder and kept for around one hour before it rinsed away.

 

6. How can you prevent recurring bladder cancer?

The body s largest evidence suggests that we should take a rich diet like fruits, vegetables, consuming a liquid fluid that contains cancer-protective compounds; this is the best to avoid cancer recurrence

 

7. Is bladder cancer curable if caught early?

Most of the cancer is diagnosed at an early stage when cancer is treatable. But the early stage of bladder cancer can come back after successfully treating cancer. People who are suffering from Bladder cancer need regular follow-up tests for years after the treatment to look for the Bladder Cancer that has recurred or what.

 

8. What can I expect with bladder cancer?

Symptoms of Bladder cancer that spread to other parts of the body like lung, kidney, signs like feeling weakness, tiredness, and pain in urinating or unable to urinate.

9.Does bladder cancer always return?

For some people who are suffering from the Bladder, cells can recur in the other part of the body. Treatment can remove or destroy the cancer cells. People who have been treated with Bladder cancer never have a recurrence. Though recurrence is not so uncommon among the people who have been treated for Bladder Cancer, in many cases the recurrence can be effectively treated.

 

10. Is cancer ever really gone?

If you take complete treatment for 5 years or more than that, doctors say that you’re cured now. But still, some of the cancer cells remain in the body after many years of the treatments.

Disclaimer:

This information on this article is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. All content in this site contained through this Web site is for general information purposes only.

If you have any of these bladder cancer symptoms, take Ayurveda treatment, and it will help reduce the cause of the disease and help you come out of lung cancer. For this, consider the Best cancer hospital in Hyderabad Punarjan Ayurveda. If you smoke, the best way to prevent lung cancer and other serious conditions is to stop smoking as soon as possible.

Know more about Why is Ayurveda Treatment best for Cancer?

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