Prostate cancer

What Is Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer occurs when prostate gland cells grow and multiply uncontrollably, forming a tumor. It usually develops in older men, with the risk of increasing with age. Though the exact causes are not fully understood, certain factors can, such as age, family history of the disease, race (African-American men are at higher risk), and specific genetic mutations.

what is Prostate Cancer

Types Of Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer can be classified into different types. The two main types of prostate cancer are:

Adenocarcinoma: It is the most common prostate cancer, accounting for over 90% of cases. It develops from the gland cells of the prostate and forms glandular structures. Most prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas.

Types of Prostate Cancer

The other types of prostate cancer include:

Sarcomas: Sarcomas are rare types of prostate cancer which develop in the connective tissues of the prostate. They are more aggressive than adenocarcinomas and tend to grow and spread more rapidly.

Small Cell Carcinomas: This type of prostate is rare and aggressive. They tend to grow and spread quickly and are often associated with a poor prognosis.

Neuroendocrine Tumors: Neuroendocrine tumors of the prostate are another rare type of prostate cancer. They develop from the neuroendocrine cells of the prostate and can be aggressive.

It is vital to note that the vast majority of prostate cancers are adenocarcinomas, while the less common types mentioned above account for a small percentage of cases.

 Causes Of Prostate Cancer

  • Age: Age is a significant factor in prostate cancer incidence, with a higher prevalence observed among older men. The risk of developing prostate cancer escalates notably after crossing the age of 50, and mostly the cases are diagnosed in men who are 65 years or older.
  • Family History : Any family history related to prostate cancer elevates the risk of developing the disease, particularly when a close relative such as a father or brother has been diagnosed. The risk becomes even more pronounced if the affected relative was diagnosed at a younger age or if multiple family members are affected by prostate cancer.
  • Genetics: Certain inherited gene mutations, such as mutations in the BRCA1 or BRCA2 genes, have been linked to the risk of prostate cancer. These mutations are more commonly associated with breast and ovarian cancers but can also affect prostate cancer risk.
  • Ethnicity: Prostate cancer is much more common in African-American men compared to men of other racial and ethnic backgrounds. It is less common in Asian and Hispanic men.
  • Diet: Some of the research studies suggest that a diet high in red meat, especially processed meat, and high-fat dairy products may increase the risk of prostate cancer, but a diet rich in whole grains, vegetables and fruits tend to lower the risk.
  • Lifestyle Factors: Certain lifestyle choices may contribute to the development of prostate cancer. These include smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and a sedentary lifestyle.

Please note that having one or more of these risk factors regarding prostate cancer does not guarantee its development, and many men without any risk factors can still develop the disease. Regular screening and early detection from the Best prostate cancer hospital in Hyderabad can help in the timely diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer.

 Symptoms Of Prostate Cancer

Symptoms Of Prostate Cancer

When the prostate cancer progresses, it can lead to the following prostate cancer symptoms:

Urinary Symptoms:

  • Frequent urination, especially at night (nocturia)
  • Difficulty starting or stopping urination
  • Weak urine flow or a sense of incomplete bladder emptying
  • Urinary urgency or a sudden urge to urinate
  • Blood in the urine (hematuria)

Sexual Symptoms:

  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Pain or discomfort during ejaculation
  • Decreased libido (sex drive)

Other Symptoms:

  • Blood in semen (hematospermia)
  • Discomfort or pain in the pelvic area, lower back, hips, or thighs
  • Bone pain, particularly in the spine, hips, or ribs (indicating possible bone metastasis)
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue or weakness

Regular screenings, such as prostate-specific antigen (PSA) blood tests and digital rectal exams (DREs), are essential for an early detection and diagnosis of prostate cancer

Prostate Cancer Growth Stages

Stages Of Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is typically staged based on the extent of the cancer’s growth and spread. The most commonly used staging system for prostate cancer is the TNM system, which takes into account three key factors: spread to nearby lymph nodes (N), tumor size and extent(T),  and presence of distant metastasis (M). 

According to the TNM system, the stages of prostate cancer are as follows:

Stage I: It is typically slow-growing  and it may not cause any symptoms. The cancer is confined to a small part of the prostate and cannot be felt during a digital rectal exam (DRE).

Stage II: The cancer may be felt during a DRE and it has not spread beyond it.

Stage IIA: The cancer is still confined to one side (half) of the prostate.

Stage IIB: The cancer has grown to involve both sides of the prostate.

Stage III: The cancer has spread  in this stage, beyond the prostate to nearby tissues.

Stage IIIA: The cancer has spread outside the prostate but is not visible on imaging tests.

Stage IIIB: The cancer has spread outside the prostate and may be visible on imaging tests.

Stage IV  – This stage denotes an advanced stage of prostate cancer wherein the cancer cells have metastasized to neighboring lymph nodes or distant sites, including the bones, liver, or lungs. This stage can be further categorized into two subgroups for more precise classification and treatment planning.

Stage IVA: At this stage, the cancer has spread to nearby lymph nodes 

Stage IVB:  In this stage, the cancer has spread to distant sites, such as bones or other organs.

It’s important to note that staging is crucial for determining the appropriate treatment approach and predicting the prognosis of prostate cancer. Other factors, such as the Gleason score (a measure of cancer aggressiveness based on microscopic examination of prostate tissue samples) and PSA levels, also play a role in treatment decisions and prognosis assessment.

Prevention Of Prostate Cancer

Prevention Of Prostate Cancer

Although it is not fully possible to prevent prostate cancer, certain lifestyle choices and practices can help reduce the risk. Consider the following strategies:

Maintain a Nutritious Diet: Opt for a balanced and healthy diet that includes an abundance of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins. Minimize the consumption of red and processed meats, high-fat dairy products, and saturated fats.

Engage in Physical Activity: Regular exercise is crucial. Strive to achieve a minimum of 150 minutes per week or alternatively, engage in 75 minutes of vigorous-intensity exercise. Choose activities you enjoy, such as walking, jogging, swimming, or cycling.

Maintain a Healthy Weight: Strive to maintain a healthy weight by incorporating regular exercise and a nutritious diet. Excess weight and obesity is linked to an increased risk of prostate cancer.

Quit Smoking: Consider quitting.Smokers have high risk of  developing aggressive prostate cancer.

Limit Alcohol Consumption:  Restrict your intake to one or two drinks per day.

Undergo Regular Check-ups and Screenings: Regular check-ups with your healthcare provider are vital for early detection and management of prostate cancer. Consult with your doctor regarding the appropriate age to initiate prostate cancer screenings.

Be Aware of Family History: Having a family history of prostate cancer, inform your doctor. They may suggest earlier or more frequent screenings to monitor your health.

Remember that while these measures can help lower the risk of prostate cancer, they do not guarantee prevention. Regular check-ups, screenings, and discussions with healthcare professionals are crucial for early detection and proper management. Seek personalized advice from the best prostate cancer treatment in Hyderabad to reduce your risk and proceed with a prostate cancer cure.

Ayurvedic Approach To Fight Prostate Cancer

Ayurveda offers holistic approaches to health and wellness.   Here are a few Ayurvedic approaches that are commonly mentioned:

Diet and Nutrition: Ayurveda emphasizes the importance of a balanced and nourishing diet. Focus on consuming fresh, organic fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and legumes. Include warming spices such as turmeric, ginger, and cumin in your meals, as they are believed to have anti-inflammatory properties. 

Herbal Remedies: Ayurvedic herbs are often used in various formulations to support overall health. Some herbs that are commonly mentioned for prostate health in Ayurveda include:

Saw Palmetto (Serenoa repens): Believed to help reduce symptoms of enlarged prostate.

Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera): Considered an adaptogenic herb that may support overall health and vitality.

Gokshura (Tribulus terrestris): Traditionally used to support urinary and reproductive system health.

Panchakarma: Panchakarma is a detoxification and rejuvenation therapy in Ayurveda. It involves various cleansing techniques such as massage, herbal steam treatments, and enemas. Panchakarma is believed to help remove toxins from the body and restore balance.

Yoga and Meditation: Ayurveda emphasizes the mind-body connection. Practice of meditation and yoga can help reduce stress, promote relaxation, and support overall well-being. Certain yoga poses, such as the pelvic floor exercises (Mula Bandha), may help improve pelvic muscle tone and circulation.

It’s crucial to consult with a qualified Ayurvedic practitioner or the Best prostate cancer hospital, which is experienced in Ayurveda for personalized guidance and appropriate use of Ayurvedic practices and herbs. They can help tailor an approach that considers your health condition, overall well-being, and ongoing medical treatments. It’s also important to integrate Ayurvedic methods with conventional medical care and follow your healthcare team’s recommendations.

How Punarjan Ayurveda Treats Prostate Cancer?

Punarjan Ayurveda creates hope in the realm of Prostate cancer treatment. We dive deep into the profound wisdom of Ayurvedic principles so that we can provide the best cancer healing. This transformative methodology is in fact a contrast to conventional symptom-focused treatments simultaneously being a complementary treatment. At the core of Punarjan Ayurveda’s treatment program, we load it with meticulously crafted ayurvedic interventions. Formulations of herbal medicines, detoxification therapies, dietary recalibrations, and lifestyle amendments make our therapy. 

Rasayana ayurveda is nature’s wonder and it reverberates within the essence of Punarjan Ayurveda’s healing efficiency. Embracing the natural powers, this innovative methodology weaves together the prowess of rare herbs including Neem, Turmeric, Aloe Vera, and Manjishtha. These botanical marvels,  have potent anti-cancer and anti-inflammatory not only target the malignant intruders but also nourish and replenish the cells.

Punarjan Ayurveda is a steadfast proponent of holistic living. Our team of experts explore solutions for stress management, harmonious lifestyle, and the best nourishing dietary forms. These act as essential pillars of support for the innate capacity of your body on the arduous journey of recovery. We are here to stand on the side of cancer sufferers where ancient wisdom and modern innovation converge. Let us start a transformative journey, where the shadows of prostate cancer vanish. 

Our Prostate Cancer Survivor Stories

Frequently Asked Questions(FAQ’s)

What questions to ask about prostate cancer?

What are the risk factors for prostate cancer? Risk factors encompass age, family history, race, and specific genetic alterations.
What are the symptoms of prostate cancer? Symptoms of early-stage prostate cancer are frequently absent. If they manifest, they may entail urinary difficulties, hematuria, pelvic discomfort, and erectile dysfunction.
What are the treatment options for prostate cancer? Treatment alternatives hinge on the cancer stage and encompass active surveillance, surgery, radiation therapy, hormone therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and targeted therapy.

Can a man live without a prostate?

Yes, Living without a prostate is indeed possible. Prostate removal is a prevalent approach to addressing prostate cancer. Nevertheless, this procedure may result in side effects like urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction, frequently controllable through medical interventions and physical therapy.

Can prostate cancer spread?

Yes, prostate cancer possesses the capacity to spread, termed metastasis, which commonly entails dissemination to bones and lymph nodes. Advanced stages may witness its infiltration into the lungs, liver, and various organs. However, it is crucial to acknowledge the substantial variability in the rate and extent of dissemination among individuals. Vigilant check-ups and timely detection are essential components in effectively managing the disease.

Can the prostate be removed permanently?

Yes, the prostate can undergo permanent removal through a surgical procedure termed a prostatectomy. This treatment addresses ailments such as prostate cancer or an enlarged prostate. Nevertheless, this procedure may have notable side effects, encompassing urinary incontinence and erectile dysfunction.

Is prostate cancer Genetic?

Yes, prostate cancer may exhibit a genetic element. Specific genetic mutations, like those in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, augment the risk of prostate cancer. It’s crucial to acknowledge that possessing these genetic mutations does not prevent prostate cancer onset but rather elevates the risk. Environmental factors and lifestyle choices similarly substantially influence the development of this condition.

What prevents prostate cancer?

Preventing prostate cancer involves:

Nutritious Diet: Opting for a diet abundant in fruits, vegetables, and lean proteins can prove instrumental in diminishing the risk.
Consistent Physical Activity: Engaging in regular exercise aids in upholding a healthy weight, thereby reducing the likelihood of prostate cancer.
Periodic Check-ups: Regular medical examinations, including prostate-specific antigen (PSA) testing, assist early detection.

Despite these approaches potentially lowering the risk, absolute prevention remains uncertain. Genetics and age substantiate noteworthy roles in prostate cancer development.

Who mostly gets prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer primarily afflicts men, especially those in advanced age, as the risk substantially rises above 50. Among various racial and ethnic groups, African-American men are more prevalent than others. Moreover, men with a familial prostate cancer history also encounter heightened exposure.

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