Signs and Symptoms of Endometrial Cancer
Endometrial cancer is a form of cancer that begins in the endometrium, the lining of the uterus. It occurs when the cells in the endometrium begin to grow and divide uncontrollably, leading to the formation of a malignant tumor. Endometrial cancer is the most common type of cancer that affects the uterus and is typically found in women who have gone through menopause, although it can occur in younger women as well. Some of Signs & Symptoms of Endometrial Cancer include the following.
- Abnormal vaginal bleeding: The primary indicator of endometrial cancer is abnormal vaginal bleeding, which is the most prevalent symptom. This can include bleeding between periods, heavier periods, bleeding after menopause, or any other abnormal vaginal bleeding.
- Pelvic pain or discomfort: Endometrial cancer can cause pain or discomfort in the pelvic area, which may be accompanied by bloating or cramping.
- Abnormal discharge: A watery or blood-tinged discharge from the vagina may be a symptom of endometrial cancer.
- Pain during intercourse: Painful intercourse or discomfort during sexual activity may be a sign of endometrial cancer.
- Weight loss: Unexplained weight loss or loss of appetite may also be a symptom of endometrial cancer.
It’s important to note that these symptoms of endometrial cancer can also be caused by other conditions, and not all women with endometrial cancer will experience these symptoms. It is essential to discuss these symptoms with your doctor if you are experiencing any of them.
Causes of Endometrial Cancer
The exact cause of endometrial cancer is not known, but there are several risk factors that increase the likelihood of developing this type of cancer. Here are some of the most common risk factors for endometrial cancer:
- Age: The risk of endometrial cancer increases as women get older, with most cases diagnosed in women over the age of 50.
- Obesity: Women who are overweight or obese are more likely to develop endometrial cancer, as excess fat tissue can produce extra estrogen, which can stimulate the growth of the endometrial lining.
- Hormone therapy: Taking estrogen alone (without progesterone) as hormone replacement therapy for menopause can increase the risk of endometrial cancer.
- Diabetes: Women with diabetes are at a higher risk of developing endometrial cancer.
- Family history: Women with a family history of endometrial or colon cancer may be at a higher risk of developing endometrial cancer themselves.
- Lynch syndrome: A genetic condition that increases the risk of developing endometrial cancer and other types of cancer.
- Previous history of endometrial hyperplasia: Women who have had endometrial hyperplasia (an overgrowth of the endometrial lining) are at a higher risk of developing endometrial cancer.
It’s important to note that having one or more of these risk factors does not mean that a woman will definitely develop endometrial cancer, but it is important to discuss any concerns with a doctor.
Prevention of Endometrial Cancer
- Maintain a healthy weight: Being overweight or obese increases the risk of developing endometrial cancer, so maintaining a healthy weight through a balanced diet and regular exercise can help lower the risk.
- Hormone therapy: Women who take estrogen alone as hormone replacement therapy are at an increased risk of developing endometrial cancer, but taking a combination of estrogen and progesterone can lower this risk.
- Birth control pills: Women who take birth control pills for five years or more have a lower risk of developing endometrial cancer.
- Regular exercise: Regular physical activity has been shown to lower the risk of endometrial cancer, so aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise most days of the week.
- Healthy diet: Eating a diet that is rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains and low in saturated and trans fats may help lower the risk of endometrial cancer.
- Regular check-ups: It’s important to have regular check-ups with a gynecologists and to report any abnormal vaginal bleeding or other symptoms to a doctor right away.
By following these prevention strategies, women can lower their risk of developing endometrial cancer and promote overall health and well-being.
This information on this article is not intended to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. All content in this site contained through this Web site is for general information purposes only.
Know more about Every Men Need To Know About Prostate Cancer