Bhasma: The Sacred Ash with Miraculous Healing Properties
The ash that is obtained by calcinations of metals is known as Bhasma. It is prepared with the extracts of metals and herbs in the right combination that functions the best when it is converted from their original metals to the oxide forms. An ash that is obtained through the process of burning completely, the starter material undergoes a brief process of purification and this process is followed by a reaction phase that includes incorporation of some other herbal and/or mineral extract.
The preparation of Bhasma includes the calcinations of metals in a container with the cakes that are made of cow dung. As Bhasmas are produced nano-particles biologically and are taken with honey, butter, milk or ghee that makes these elements easily available, enhancing their biocompatibility and eliminating their toxic effects.
Types of Bhasmas?
Depending on their appearance and colour, Bhasmas are classified accordingly. Scientifically, bhasmas are classified as herbal bhasma, mineral and metal. General examples of bhasma include
- Loha Bhasma
- Swarna Bhasma
- Rajata Bhasma
- Pravala Bhasma
- Tamra Bhasma
- Godanti Bhasma
- Heerak Bhasma
- Trivang Bhasma
- Varatika Bhasma
- Shankh Bhasma
- Vanga Bhasma
- Mandoor Bhasma
- Tamra Bhasma
- Jasad Bhasma
- Shuddha Parada
- Tankan Bhasma
- Mukta Bhasma
- Shukti Bhasma
- Manikya Bhasma
- Kapardika Bhasma
- Abhrak Bhasma
Depending on the main drug and other drugs that are used in the process of marara, bhasmas are generally white, black, grey, dark black and reddish. Generally they are stored in the air tight containers. Ayurvedic Bhasmas reflect an ancient form of nanotechnology, that showcases the reduction of particles to nanosize in the production of the final product
Now let us understand how the Bhasmas are prepared?
The following are the steps that are involved in the preparation of Bhasmas:
Bhasma is prepared from the utmost purified metals, minerals, marine and animal products. The purification process is called Shodhana. This step aims to remove any type of impurities that are harmful and present in the drug. It helps by increasing the potency of the drug by enhancement of the therapeutic action.
Shodhana is of two types –
Visesa Shodhana – This process includes purification of metal by immersing it into specific vehicles such as milk, butter milk and cow urine.
Samanya Shodhana – It includes metal purification.
Bhavana – It includes wet trituration, utilizing a mortar and pestle, and produces a fine powder to enhance therapeutic action.
Jarana – Small pellets are prepared, dried in sunlight, and then placed in an earthen tray covered with a lid, sealed and dried further.
Putapaka – Bhasma is heated continuously in an earthen tray until metallic luster is completely eliminated.
Marana – It includes the calcination(burning process). The purpose of this process is to help in the reduction of the size of the drug to its finest particles form so that it can be absorbed by the body easily.
Importance of Bhasma :
From ancient times, Bhasma has been used for many purposes of immunomodulatory action, anemia, antioxidant action, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, free radical scavenging activity, brain related degenerative disorders and other chronic disorders. By the use of nanotechnology in Bhasmas it can be used as a purpose with less toxicity and high efficacy. Bhasma is an ayurvedic mineral/metallic preparation that is treated with decoction or herbal juices and exposed for a certain degree of heat.
- Bhasmas can act swiftly
- They are available in nanosized particle
- They will not have any specific taste
- Bhasmas helps to maintain optimum alkalinity for the purpose of optimum health
- It helps in providing easily absorbed and usable calcium.
- It helps in cleansing intestines, liver and kidneys
- It helps in healthier teeth and stronger bones
- It reduces depression and insomnia
- It helps to maintain minerals and arrhythmias balance
- It helps in breaking down drug residues and heavy metals in the body
- Contributes in neutralizing harmful acids that leads to illness
- Protects the body from any type of free radical damage.
Now let us understand some of the Physical characteristics of Bhasma
Color (Verna): Each Bhasma is associated with a specific color, usually white, pale, or red, determined primarily by the parent material used in its preparation.
Lusterless (Nishchandratvam): Before therapeutic application, if Bhasma lacks any luster, the Bhasma is examined under bright sunlight. If any luster is observed, it indicates the need for further incineration.
Lightness and Fineness (Varitara): Properly incinerated Bhasma exhibits lightness and fineness by floating on the surface of stagnant water. This test relies on the principle of surface tension.
Tactile sensation: The body can absorb and assimilate tactile sensations without causing irritation to the mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract.
Particle size: The prepared Bhasma should be in a powdered form, with particles resembling the size of pollen grains from the Pondanus odoratissimus flower (ketaki rajah).
Ayurvedic bhasma, a unique form of medicine created through an intricate alchemical process, has been revered for its potential healing properties in the context of cancer treatment. According to Ayurvedic principles, bhasma is believed to undergo a transformative process that enhances its therapeutic efficacy. When used in cancer treatment, specific bhasma preparations are thought to possess anti-tumor and immune-modulating properties that aid in combating cancer cells and promoting overall well-being. These bhasma formulations are often tailored to target the specific dosha imbalances associated with cancer, aiming to restore balance and harmony in the body.
Bhasma holds a revered position in Ayurveda, serving as a vital component of this ancient healing system. Through its unique preparation methods and therapeutic attributes, Bhasma plays a pivotal role in promoting wellness and equilibrium. By harnessing the transformative power of fire and employing specialized techniques, Ayurvedic experts in India convert medicinal substances into potent remedies. With a diverse range of Swarna Bhasmas, each offering specific qualities and applications, a holistic approach is provided for addressing various health conditions. As we delve further into the realm of Ayurveda, recognizing and valuing the significance of Bhasma opens doors to explore the profound wisdom of this time-honored tradition, unlocking its potential for optimal well-being.