Esophageal Cancer Symptoms

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Esophageal Cancer Symptoms and Causes | Punarjan Ayurveda

Esophageal cancer is one of the most fatal conditions and a common type of cancer that primarily affects the esophagus. This organ looks like a hollow and long tube that connects your throat to the stomach. Since the early stages of this type of cancer is mostly asymptomatic, diagnosis during this time can be misleading.That’s why understanding the key signs and causes of this disease is so important for catching esophageal cancer in its early and more treatable stages. Detecting this cancer early directly impacts the chances of successful treatment and survival.

Understanding Esophageal Cancer

The oesophagus is the hollow muscular tube that extends from the throat to the stomach. It is a part of the gastrointestinal tract, also called the digestive system. The walls of the esophagus contract to propel food into the stomach after a person has swallowed. Cancer occurs when normal cells mutate into abnormal cells that divide themselves and form a tumour. A tumor may be malignant or benign. Malignant tumors are those with the potential to grow and spread elsewhere in the body. A benign tumor is one that can grow but cannot spread. Esophageal cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in cells found on the inside layer of esophagus. The cancer of the esophagus, for example, grows inward from a portion of the outer layer of the esophageal wall. It also can penetrate through the esophegeal wall to reach lymph nodes, which are small bean-shaped masses containing cells that fight infection, as well as blood arteries in the chest and other neighboring organs. Cancer of the esophagus may also metastasize to the lungs, liver, stomach and other organs.

Common Symptoms

The early stages of this types of cancer is usually asymptomatic but some common symptoms could include:
  • Dysphagia: The narrowing of the esophageal passage by the tumour makes it challenging to push food through, often marking the initial noticeable symptom.

  • Vomiting: Food may be regurgitated after becoming lodged in the esophagus.

  • Weight loss: Sudden and significant weight loss may occur.

  • Cough: More frequent during attempts to swallow, sometimes accompanied by coughing up blood.

  • Voice changes: Hoarseness in the voice can manifest.

  • Pain and discomfort: Sensations of pain occur in the throat.

  • Acid reflux: If cancer affects the lower esophagus, acid reflux may ensue.

  • Chest pain: Associated with acid reflux in the lower esophagus.

Recognising Causes

Cancer arises from unregulated cell growth, where damaged cells proliferate uncontrollably, forming clusters or masses known as tumours. These tumours can disrupt normal bodily functions. While some are benign and remain localised without expansion, malignant cancers pose a significant threat. Without intervention, they can spread or metastasise to other body regions. When cancer infiltrates the lymphatic system, the risk of rapid dissemination to crucial organs increases. The malignancy's ability to invade distant areas underscores the urgency of timely diagnosis and treatment to prevent further progression and enhance the likelihood of successful outcomes.

Role of Ayurveda in Esophageal Cancer

Ayurveda is important in supplementing traditional esophageal cancer treatment by giving a comprehensive and personalised approach to overall well-being. Ayurvedic teachings emphasise harmonising the body's doshas while considering individual constitutions and the underlying causes of illness. Herbal formulations, dietary changes, and lifestyle changes are customised to the patient's unique needs. Punarjan Ayurveda empowers patients with natural detoxification and immune-modulation that plays an essential role in the patient’s healing journey. The experts utilise a personalised approach with Rasayana Ayurveda to treat esophageal cancers successfully without causing any side effect. Yoga and meditation are also frequently suggested to improve mental and emotional resilience during the difficult path of cancer treatment.

Preventive Measures

Reducing the risk of esophageal cancer involves implementing several lifestyle adjustments:

  • Moderate or no alcohol consumption can diminish the likelihood of cancer development.
  • Smoking or chewing tobacco elevates cancer risk, and assistance for smoking cessation is available through Penn Medicine's Lung Center or the Abramson Cancer Center's research program.
  • Consume more fruits and vegetables like broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower and yellow fruits.
  • Managing your weight can significantly lower your risks of esophageal cancer.

Punarjan Ayurveda's Approach

Punarjan Ayurveda, a premier cancer hospital in Hyderabad, India, empowers patients through immune modulation and natural detoxification, encouraging an active role in their healing journey. Embracing Ayurveda, the hospital promotes overall wellness with specialised Ayurvedic Cancer Treatment in India. This healthcare institution adopts a personalised approach, utilising Rasayana Ayurveda to treat various cancer types without inducing side effects. Noteworthy for successfully managing intricate cases, Punarjan Ayurveda provides effective treatment and enhances the overall quality of life for patients during their care.


To sum up, detecting esophageal cancer during its early stages can help to come up with effective therapy to treat this type of cancer. Awareness of risk factors enables proactive lifestyle modifications, emphasising prevention and improved results in treating esophageal cancer.


What is the most common first symptom of esophageal cancer?

Trouble swallowing, as if something is caught in the throat or upper chest, is often the first indicator of esophageal cancer.

How does esophageal cancer usually start?

Every cancer has its own characteristics. Esophageal cancer usually starts from the inside surface of the oesophagus, and then slowly encroaches on other surfaces.

What is the first stage of esophageal cancer?

Stage -0 high-grade dysplasia arises in the inner layers of the oesophagus and is the earliest stage of esophageal cancer.

Is esophageal cancer curable?

Esophageal cancer is frequently diagnosed at an advanced stage, making treatment possible, but cures are uncommon in later stages.

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